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Reading Chapter 14

 

Multiple Choice

Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

 

____    1.   The species of finches that Charles Darwin found on the GalŠpagos Islands displayed different structural adaptations. One of the adaptations that Darwin noted was the

a.

similarities of the birdsí embryos.

b.

birdsí different-shaped beaks.

c.

length of the birdsí necks.

d.

number of eggs in each birdís nest.

 

 

____    2.   The number and location of bones of many fossil vertebrates are similar to those in living vertebrates. Most biologists would probably explain this fact on the basis of

a.

the needs of the organisms.

b.

a common ancestor.

c.

the struggle for existence.

d.

the inheritance of acquired traits.

 

 

____    3.   When a farmer breeds only his or her best livestock, the process involved is

a.

natural selection.

b.

artificial selection.

c.

artificial variation.

d.

survival of the fittest.

 

 

____    4.   Biological fitness is the ability of the individual to

a.

live to reproductive age.

b.

contribute to the gene pool of the next generation.

c.

adapt to environmental conditions.

d.

acquire new characteristics.

 

 

____    5.   The economist Thomas Malthus suggested that

a.

in the human population, people die faster than babies are born.

b.

populations can grow faster than the rate at which food and resources can be produced.

c.

evolution occurs when organisms adapt to their environment.

d.

the majority of a speciesí offspring die.

 

 

Exploring Life - Reading Homework Quiz

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Name

Class Period 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Question 1
A B C D E F G H

Question 2
A B C D E F G H

Question 3
A B C D E F G H

Question 4
A B C D E F G H

Question 5
A B C D E F G H

Question 6
A B C D E F G H

Question 7
A B C D E F G H

Question 8
A B C D E F G H

Question 9
A B C D E F G H

Question 10
A B C D E F G H
 

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